All You Need to Know About Employee State Insurance Scheme

All You Need to Know About Employee State Insurance Scheme

The Employee State Insurance Scheme (ESIS) is a comprehensive social security program designed to provide employees in the organised sector and their families with various kinds of medical and cash benefits. Established by the Government of India under the Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948, ESIS is a self-financing, multi-dimensional health insurance system aimed at ensuring social and economic security to the working population of the country. In this in-depth blog post, we will be discussing the various aspects of ESIS, including the eligibility criteria, contributions, benefits, and registration process, to give you a comprehensive understanding of this essential employee welfare scheme.

1. Eligibility Criteria

In general, ESIS covers non-seasonal factories and establishments that employ 10 or more persons for wages. This includes workers who are directly employed by the factory, those employed by a contractor, and apprentices or trainees engaged directly by the factory. Additionally, the scheme also encompasses establishments that employ at least 20 people and are service-based, such as shops, hotels, restaurants, cinemas, and road motor transport undertakings.

You can also Read: Everything You Need to Know About Using an ESIC Consultant in Mumbai

2. Contribution and Registration

Both employers and employees make contributions to the ESIS scheme. The contribution amount for the employer equates to 3.25% of the employee’s wages, while the employee contributes 0.75% of his/her wages. However, in areas where Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) facilities are not available, the initial contribution rate for the employer is 1% of the employee’s wages. Establishments falling under the purview of ESI must obtain a Factory Code Number and register employees by providing their necessary personal details.

3. Benefits

The ESI Scheme offers various types of benefits, including:

a. Medical Benefits: Employees and their families are entitled to full medical care, including all admissible pharmaceutical supplies and outpatient treatment at ESI dispensaries, clinics, or hospitals.

b. Sickness Benefit: A cash benefit is provided to insured employees during the period of certified sickness for a maximum of 91 days in a year, at the rate of 70% of the average daily wage.

c. Maternity Benefit: The scheme offers paid maternity leave to insured women beneficiaries up to 26 weeks, at the rate of 100% of the average daily wage.

d. Disablement Benefit: In the case of a workplace accident or any injury resulting in disablement, the employee is entitled to disablement benefits, provided the disablement lasts for more than three days.

e. Dependants Benefit: In the event of the death of an insured employee due to a work-related injury or occupational disease, the dependants of the deceased employee are entitled to monthly pension benefits.

4. Compliance Requirements

Every employer covered under the ESI Scheme must abide by statutory compliance requirements, including timely payment of contributions, filing of returns, and adherence to record-keeping provisions. Failure to comply with these requirements may result in fines, imprisonment, or both.

5. ESI Dispensaries and Hospitals

The ESI Corporation manages a vast network of ESI dispensaries and hospitals across the country. These medical facilities aim to provide prompt and high-quality healthcare services to insured employees and their families. The ESIC has also entered into agreements with several state governments to provide medical care in areas where the ESI facilities are not yet available.


In conclusion, the Employee State Insurance Scheme is an incredibly important benefit offered to employees in India. It helps protect employees against illness and unemployment. This scheme also offers a range of other benefits such as financial assistance, health insurance and sick pay. Understanding everything this scheme entails is essential for taking full advantage of its offerings. For any additional questions or guidance with understanding the ESIC, it’s best to get in touch with an official ESIC Consultant in Mumbai or your local healthcare agencies.

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